History of flat track racing – The first accounts known about speed racing took place in Greece and show documented records of athletic competitions related to speed racing. In 1896, the first modern Olympic Games were held in Greece, where the first 100 m straight final was played. In the year 1912, he founded the International Federation of Athletics Enthusiast and recognized the first world record for the 100 meters with a history of 10.7 seconds.
In 1928, she made her debut as the first woman in the 100-meter-smooth race during the Amsterdam Olympics. The 200 m men’s smooth test was included in the Paris Olympic program in 1900. The female branch in 200 meters made its appearance during the London Olympics in 1948. The men’s 400 m smooth test was included in the Olympic program at the Athens Olympics in 1896.
Speed racing is referred to as the shortest foot running in athletics and consists of running as fast as possible a predetermined distance: 60, 100, 200 or 400 meters flat. The officially recognized ranges are: on covered track the lengths of 50 and 60 outdoors those of 100, 200 and 400 meters. It is also common to race over 300 meters and exceptionally to race over other distances with other measuring systems, such as yards. A Speed Racer is called a speedster.
In this type of race, the athlete at the start is semi-incorporated, on supports fixed to the track called tacos, so the runners track by pushing their feet against the exit tacos (also called exit blocks), specially designed to hold the runner placed behind the starting line. At the sound of the shooting of the starting judge, the athlete launches to the track and runs at maximum speed towards the finish line, a quick exit being essential.
The speed race in the area of athletics is to travel as fast as possible a certain distance on an indoor and outdoor track, whether 100, 200 or 400 meters. Athletes who participate in this type of sport are known as speedsters, and their exits are made in a semi-incorporated position on tacos that work to give them momentum on the door when they hear the shot of the judge in charge.
The main features of an efficient style for speed runs include a right lift of knees, free movements of the arms and an angle of penetration of the body of about 25 degrees.
In the speed tests, the athletes develop their effort and have, within an anaerobic cellular respiration, that is, in the absence of oxygen, because the heart system accelerates, and the glycogen in the liver is disintegrated to be converted into glucose; in an anaerobic respiration lower amounts of energy (ATP) are produced as opposed to aerobic respiration. The production of lactate (lactic acid), in anaerobic respiration, is accumulated in the muscles, which could produce muscle fatigue, this can be avoided with good pre-heating and stretching of the muscles, which benefits the movement and elasticity of the muscles
Within the category of speed races are the following tests:
- 60 meters
- 100 meters
- 300 meters
- 400 meters